BACHELORS AND MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ENGINEERING

UE Code : IL3-AT-PAE Academic year : 2016-2017

Information on the course unit

Program / Education :

Bachelor and Master of Science in Engineering / Bachelor and Master of Science in Engineering

Level :

Third year of Bachelor of Science in Engineering

Language(s) :

French

Studies organization

Credits :

5.00

Semester :

--

Total Hours :

110.00 (Hours of teaching + individual study)

Details

Objectives :

Overview
The main objective of this module is to acquire and reinforce scientific and technical skills and the know-how in the fields of crop and animal sciences and ecology, namely:
• Methods used in (i) crop population diagnosis and (ii) reasoning of crop management (Perennial crops, annual crops, etc.)
• Main principles of managing livestock production (monogastrics and ruminants)
• Methods of analyzing biological communities for an ecological diagnosis (semi-natural environments: grasslands, hedges, etc.)
• Forage systems (agronomy/animal science)
- Mobilize and apply interdisciplinary knowledge/skills (crop and animal sciences, ecology) for the reasoning and management of an agricultural production system
- Gain the required skills (analytical tools, sampling methods) to perform a diagnosis of an agricultural production system.

Applied Ecology To be able to:
• Describe and analyze the functioning of a natural system under human influence;
• Conduct sampling of flora and fauna using standardized methods;
• Identify a list of plant and animal species or taxa and understand some of their properties and life traits;
• Link ecological functioning to farming or agro-environmental issues.

Crop science To be able to:
• Describe and analyze the functioning of a cultivated plant population using the method of agronomic diagnosis,
• Explain the variability in yield and quality of crop productions in relation to technical levers;
• Understand the fundamental principles of plant pathology (major parasitic diseases, and more specifically, cryptogramic plant diseases, main fungi kingdoms, disease infection cycle, interactions with the environment and host plant). As a model, two examples of plant diseases will be developed (on grapevines and on annual grasses)

Animal science: To be able to:
• Understand the principles of monogastrics production (pig rearing used as a model)
• Be familiar with the types of forages used in feeding ruminants: type of conservation and the relationship with forage quality and nutritional value.
• Calculate ruminants diets by using a rationing software program (INRAtion)
• Understand the fundamentals of a fodder system (definition, choice of species, species combinations, crop rotation, decision-making rules, etc.) and implement these principles in case studies (using a serious game - Rami Fourrager®)

Contents :

Applied Ecology:
• Applied ecology: Introduction to applied ecology based on examples relating to agriculture and nature conservation (2 Lectures in English – J. Pithon)
• Analysis of the biotic component of grassland ecosystems and other semi-natural areas
• Implementation of standardized ecological sampling methods
• Interpretation of biological data for a diagnosis relating to farming practices (3 Project Workand, 1 Seminar– N. Cassagne)

Crop production
• Methods of diagnostic of cultivated crop population (2 Lectures + 1 Seminar– G. Hellou)
• Cryptogramic plant diseases (2 Lectures – R. Baccar)

Animal production
• Pig production (4 Lectures –Y. Lautrou )
• Forages: Quality and uses (2 Lectures – C.Cortes )
• Forage Systems (2 Lectures – S. Couvreur)
• Rationing software program INRAtion (2 Project Work– C. Lechartier )

Articulation of Disciplines
• Forage system serious game - Rami Fourrager® (Agronomist /zootechnician pairs) – (3 Project Work): Construction and evaluation of forage systems by mobilizing agronomic (crop rotation) and zootechnical (forage, rationing) skills in conjunction with a given soil and climate context.
• Diagnostic of a grassland ecosystem: Relationships between properties and life traits of some species found in grassland environment and their use in animal production (ecologist/zootechnician pairs – 1 Seminar)

Prerequisites :

Lectures (CM), field trips, Project Work (TP), Seminars (TD), use of software program (INRAtion) and serious game (Forage Rummy game - Rami Fourrager® )

Teaching methods :

Assessment :

Written Exam – 2 hours
Written report related to ecology fieldwork
Oral evaluation of Project Work (TP) on Forage Rummy game - Rami Fourrager®

Bibliography :

Common core courses and options

2 Common core courses (CC):

  • Multifunctional Agriculture
  • Crop Production and Applied Ecology


Students will choose one of these 4 options:

  • Option 1: Monogastric option
  • Option 2: Herbivore option
  • Option 3: Annual Crops option
  • Option 4: Sustainable Viticulture option